Professional oral care
includes mechanical procedures performed in the oral cavity.
Professional dental cleaning (PRO)
refers to scaling (supragingival and subgingival plaque and calculus removal) and polishing of the teeth with power/hand instrumentation performed by a trained veterinary health care provider under general anesthesia. See also AVDC Position Statements on Dental Health Care Providers and and on Non-Professional Dental Scaling.
refers to treatment of diseased periodontal tissues that includes professional dental cleaning as defined above and one or more of the following: root planing, gingival curettage, periodontal flaps, regenerative surgery, gingivectomy/gingivoplasty, and local administration of antiseptics/antibiotics.
Home oral hygiene
refers to measures taken by pet owners that are aimed at controlling or preventing plaque and calculus accumulation.
Gingival curettage (GC):
Removal of damaged or diseased tissue from the soft tissue lining of a periodontal pocket.
Root planing (RP):
Removal of dental deposits from and smoothing of the root surface of a tooth; it is closed
when performed without a flap or open
when performed after creation of a flap.
Removal of some or all gingiva surrounding a tooth
A form of gingivectomy performed to restore physiological contours of the gingiva
Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR):
Regeneration of tissue directed by the physical presence and/or chemical activities of a biomaterial; often involves placement of barriers to exclude one or more cell types during healing of tissue
Crown lengthening (CR/L):
Increasing clinical crown height by means of gingivectomy/gingivoplasty, apically positioned flaps, post and core build-up, or orthodontic movement
Frenuloplasty (frenulotomy, frenulectomy) (FRE):
Reconstructive surgery or excision of a frenulum
Splitting of a tooth into two separate portionsB
Splitting of a tooth into three separate portions.
Partial tooth resection (T/XP):
Removal of a crown-root segment with endodontic treatment of the remainder of the tooth
Root resection/amputation (RO/X):
Removal of a root with maintenance of the entire crown and endodontic treatment of the remainder of the tooth