Gingival and Periodontal Pathology - Veterinary Online Courses
Lesson 1, Topic 1
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Gingival and Periodontal Pathology

Brett December 12, 2019

Gingival and Periodontal Pathology



Inflammation of gingiva


Inflammation of non-gingival periodontal tissues (i.e., the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone)

Gingival recession (GR):

Root surface exposure caused by apical migration of the gingival margin or loss of gingiva.

Gingival enlargement (GE):

Clinical term, referring to overgrowth or thickening of gingiva in the absence of a histological diagnosis

Gingival hyperplasia (GH):

Histological term, referring to an abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in a normal arrangement and resulting clinically in gingival enlargement

Abnormal tooth extrusion (ATE):

Increase in clinical crown length not related to gingival recession or lack of tooth wear

Alveolar bone expansion (ABE):

Thickening of alveolar bone at labial and buccal aspects of teeth